Known worldwide for its history and extraordinary beauty, its Masterworks of art and architecture, Florence is the capital of the Italian region of Tuscany. During the Middle Age, it was vastly recognized as one of the most important centers of European trade and finance and was, therefore, one of the wealthiest cities. Florence is considered as the birthplace of the Renaissance and is called "the Athens of the Middle Ages." Millions of tourists visit Florence each year for its incomparable beauty and history as well as for its artistic and architectural heritage. One of its most emblematic sites is the Duomo, the cathedral with its dome designed by Brunelleschi and its bell tower built by Giotto. The Accademia Gallery houses Michelangelo's "David", Botticelli's "Birth of Venus" and the "Annunciation" by Leonardo da Vinci. In Florence, you can admire legendary masterpieces by other Italian painters: Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci and Masaccio. More recently the city becomes a fashion capital and has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
The Uffizi Gallery
is a worldwide known gallery in Florence. This building was built between 1560 and 1589 as the working office of Duke Cosimo I. The structure, which was designed by Architect Vasari, has been converted into a museum. As such, the Uffizi Gallery houses many of masterpiece you still remember from Art classes in school such as the "Birth of Venus" and "La Primavera" by Sandro Botticelli, the "Annunciation" and the "Adoration of the Magi" by Leonardo da Vinci, "Doni Tondo" by Michelangelo, "Medusa" by Caravaggio, "Dukes of Urbino" by Piero Della Francesca, and many, many others. Since the private collection of the Medici family is quite valuable and breathtaking, it is at the top of many lists on what to do in Florence.
The Gallery of Florence, also known as Accademia Gallery
is one of the most famous galleries in the world and the fourth most visited museum in Italy. It has housed the original David by Michelangelo since 1873. This gallery, taking place at the top of many “to-do” lists, had been established in 1564. Additionally, it holds the title of being the first school where sketching, painting, and sculpturing were taught.
The Cathedral of Florence, mostly known as the Duomo
or formally Santa Maria del Fiore, is the biggest and the most famous cathedral in Florence. This construction which is the symbol of the city was built upon the Santa Reparata Church. Among the most emblematic sites in Italy, the cathedral, with its terracotta dome designed by Brunelleschi and its bell tower by Giotto, stands in the middle of the city as unique landmark of Florence. When going down towards the basement of the church, remains of the original church can still be seen. Moreover, the grave of Brunelleschi is in the basement section.
is a palace dating back to the 14th century. The most relevant chamber is the "Hall of Five Hundreds", which can be visited on the first floor. Giorgio Vasari worked on decorating this delightfully painted ceiling of this room. Moreover, you may want to admire the sculpture "The Genius of Victory" by Michelangelo.
The Pitti Palace
is a famous palace, being the largest architectural construction in Florence. This palace, built in 1457 for Pitti family, is one of the first places that you cannot miss while visiting Florence. It was home to Luca Pitti and was later bought by the Medici family in 1549, becoming a treasure house. Paintings, plates, jewelry and luxurious possessions that the powerful family used to own are now part of the huge amount of exhibits of the biggest complex museum in Florence.
Santa Maria Novella
Santa Maria Novella
is a church located across the train station with the same name in Florence, Italy. Historically, it is the first big basilica and the first church that belongs to the sect of Dominican. It really gives a sense of awe with its art treasures, funerary monuments, and paintings of Gothic and early Renaissance masters. Santa Maria Novella is worth visiting as it houses masterpieces such as "The Holy Trinity" by Masaccio, the famous wooden statue of Crucifix by Brunelleschi, and the "Madonna del Rosario" by Giorgio Vasari for the altar section of the church. Admire the frescoes by Tommaso Strozzi, who was inspired by Dante's Divine Comedy, the masterpiece that we know as: hell, purgatory and paradise.
With its narrow streets looking like a labyrinth and its well-ordered architecture, Siena
has one of the most beautiful squares in Italy. It invites travelers to sink into the reveries in its fairytale-like world. It is possible to get to Siena by day tours departing from Florence. Even only for horse races named "Palio," held twice a year, hundreds of thousands of people flock to Siena.
Santa Croce Basilica
is one of the important and famed basilicas in Florence. As a religious construction, it holds the monumental graves of fairly important people such as Galileo, Michelangelo, Dante, Machiavelli. Santa Croce was built by Arnolfo di Cambio in the 13th century who was also the designer of Duomo and Palazzo Vecchio.
Next to Palazzo Pitti, the Boboli Gardens
(in Italian Giardini di Boboli ) is one of the most beautiful gardens in the world. It is a beautiful example of Italian garden designed to be Palazzo Pitti's garden. In addition to being a belvedere where to admire the breathtaking landscape of Florence, it is home to a collection of 16th and 18th-century statues. Take a walk and admire Andromeda statue standing on the Isolotto or the bronze statues of the Fountain of Neptune. Its captivating atmosphere could not be enjoyed until the 18th century, as public access was not allowed.
There are numerous reasons to visit Tuscany
. Some people visit the art and architecture masterpieces and Middle Age history while others go hiking to admire the spectacular landscapes. Not to mention the Italian food and wine whose Tuscany represents one of the leading Italian regions. Tuscany is very well know for its tasty wines. The Chianti Valley is where one of the most important Italian vineyards. Siena, San Gimignano, Monteriggioni and Lucca are enchanting cities, recommended to visit.