Turkey is a huge country but such is the quality of the transport infrastructure that excursions are available from Istanbul to some of its gems, manmade and natural. The ancient ruins of Ephesus remain impressive even though the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World has lost its former glory. Ephesus is on the Aegean, below Izmir and well worth a visit. On that same coast but much closer to Istanbul are the legendary site of Troy and the site of the famous World War I Battle, Gallipoli. Central Anatolia is a plateau covering much of Turkey and Cappadocia west of Kayseri receives huge numbers of visitors each year. The best description of this region around the small town of Goreme is that it looks like a moonscape, fashioned by erosion into a host of different shapes. These trips out of Istanbul are all worth serious consideration.
Located in Central Turkey, Cappadocia
is a semi-arid region. It is mainly known for its tall, cone-shaped rock formations clustered in Monks Valley, Göreme and elsewhere. The 100m-deep Ihlara Canyon houses numerous rock-face churches. The place is also known for its multiple Hot Air Balloon tours from which you can admire the region with a breathtaking birdview.
was a city in the antiquity in Turkey, the present day location is known as Hisarlik. The city of Troy is especially known for being the location of the Trojan War described in the Greek epic tales, in the Iliad and Odyssey. The war ended by using the famous trick of the Troy Horse, which was used by the Greeks to enter the fortified city.