Lima: the City of Kings. As Peru’s capital and largest city, Lima makes the ideal starting point to explore this fascinating country. Founded by Spanish conquistadors in 1535, Lima is an intriguing mix of old colonial architecture, ultra-modern high rises and shanty towns. There’s nothing quite like it anywhere else. The history of the area goes back far beyond Spanish conquest. It's possible from Lima to explore the Pachacamac Temple, which dates back to 200 AD. And if that fuels your interest in ancient Peru, a visit to the Larco Museum is a must. While in Lima, it's well worth checking out the Magic Water Circuit show. This extravagant display features a series of water fountains lit by a carefully designed light show. An excellent option for families, this show will leave you gasping in delight at the unusual experience. Peruvian cuisine is best experienced in Lima. With its access to the Pacific ocean, it makes sense that Lima is a great place for fresh seafood. Ceviche, in particular, should be tried here. As Peru’s national dish, it’s the perfect thing to sample while in Lima. Another fascinating aspect of Lima is its shanty towns. Visiting these on a guided tour is possible. This provides a fascinating glimpse into the lives of ordinary Peruvians and is sure to give you plenty to think about as you explore this city of contrasts.